Yamini Yogya, Students' Dissertation, 2015
Human-induced climate change has far reaching and complex impacts on water resources throughout the world. Such impacts through water are cross-sectoral, and are felt across inherently linked sectors of agriculture, energy, ecosystems, and human health. Future climate change or change in climate parameters, such as temperature, precipitation, humidity, evapotranspiration, etc., is said to result in an increase in vulnerability of society and the environment in its capacity to adapt to such a change. Observations by National Communications (NATCOM, 2004) state that a rise in temperature has already been observed in the Indian subcontinent.
Shreya Trivedi, Students' Dissertation, 2015
SIKKIM is the least populous and the second smallest state in India. Despite its small area, it is geographically diverse due to its location in the Himalayas, with a high variation in elevation ranging from 300 to 8598 m. Mt. Kanchenjunga, the world’s third highest peak, is the guardian deity of the state. It is not only the highest but also the steepest landscape in the country, since the width of the Himalayas across its entire length is narrowest here. In terms of country-level vulnerability to climate change, India ranks high globally.
Vishaka Gulati, Students' Dissertation, 2015
Mountain ecosystems are amongst the most fragile environments on the earth and are “characterised by a high degree of poverty, fragility, marginalization and low accessibility” (Macchi et al., 2009). They are a rich source of biodiversity and also providers of many ecosystems goods and services. Major rivers in the world originate from the mountains and play a very important role in providing water to the communities living downstream. People living in the mountains are highly dependent on natural resources for their basic needs as well as livelihood and are comparatively more exposed to extreme events thereby making them even more vulnerable to the changing climate.
Ganesh Gorti, Students' Dissertation, 2015
The global trends of Carbon-di-oxide have seen a rise ever since the industrial revolution, so have the ill-effects arising out of such a rise. Surveys around the world have indicated that, like (Cook, 2015), an overwhelming majority of the scientific community now believes that climate change is for real and that its impacts are already being felt.
Navin Rai, Students' Dissertation, 2017
In the face of climatic variability, the Kyoto protocol (1998) declared profoundly that GHGs are major sources of global warming and environmental degradation and there should be an alternative for fossil fuel based energy. Since, then the hydropower is globally considered as win-win and green energy to tackle increasing GHGs emission from fossil fuel based energy.
Rashmita Sarkar, Students' Dissertation, 2017
The purpose of this study is to document the dynamics of adaptation practices related to sustainable usage of water engaged by women in their everyday life in a mountain socio-ecological system. Such system represents the ensemble of resource-use practices, natural settings, institutional practices, and social landscape.
Ashmita Paudel, Students' Dissertation, 2017
Only two-and-a-half percent of the water available on earth is freshwater. Thirty percent of the total volume of freshwater on earth is groundwater. Groundwater sources are massive but finite. Many human settlements around the globe are dependent on groundwater.
Regan Sapkota, Students' Dissertation, 2017
Local communities are considered more vulnerable to climate change due to their low adaptive capacity. In Nepal, many adaptation practices have been carried out to reduce its impacts by different institutions, Community forestry (CF) is one of them. CF in Nepal is considered as one of the successful institutions of Nepal and good governance of it is considered as the pillar of its success.
Sijal Pokharel, Students' Dissertation, 2017
Environmental change is shaping human migration now and will do so in future; specifically through its influence on a range of economic, social and political drivers. Development of the vision for how human population movements across the world could be affected by global environmental changes with a focus on the diverse challenges and opportunities for populations in originating and receiving regions is as inevitable as environmental change.
Binod Prasad Parajuli, Students' Dissertation, 2017
Flood is a major disaster causing devastation every year in major river basins of Nepal and India. The risk associated with the floods can be reduced to greater extent with proper information flow regarding flood risk management.