In the Hindu Kush Himalaya, 130 million farmers in the downstream plains of the Indus and the north-western part of the Ganges basin
depend on water originating from glacier and snow melt from the mountains.
Discharge from glacier and snow melt and groundwater provide a reliable supply of irrigation water during parts of the growing season
when other water sources are scarce. Any changes in the future availability of meltwater or further groundwater depletion will therefore