SIKKIM is the least populous and the second smallest state in India. Despite its small area, it is geographically diverse due to its location in the Himalayas, with a high variation in elevation ranging from 300 to 8598 m. Mt. Kanchenjunga, the world’s third highest peak, is the guardian deity of the state. It is not only the highest but also the steepest landscape in the country, since the width of the Himalayas across its entire length is narrowest here. In terms of country-level vulnerability to climate change, India ranks high globally.