Working Paper - 26, 2020
Critical climate stress moments may be defined as those moments when households, communities, and their livelihood systems are vulnerable to climate related risks and hazards. This working paper examines critical climate stress moments due to specific climatic and biophysical causes experienced by the people in the Teesta River basin in India and Bangladesh.
Working Paper - 25, 2020
This working paper outlines the steps for springshed monitoring and revival based on a detailed study of four springs in Charghare VDC – Ghatera Dhara, Bato Muni ko Mul, Bhalu Khola ko Kuwa, and Asine Mul – in Nepal’s mid-hills. Following a robust springshed monitoring methodology with active participation of the local community and other stakeholders, the study offers detailed technical and other management recommendations for spring revival, with an aim to recharge these springs in a sustainable way.
Working Paper - 24, 2019
This synthesis report summarizes findings from a participatory assessment of socio-economic drivers, conditions, and climatic and environmental stresses leading to different levels of vulnerabilities in the Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region. The study sites included high mountain, mid-hill, and downstream regions of the Indus, Upper Ganga, Gandaki, and Teesta– a tributary of the Brahmaputra River – basins. An integrated and multidimensional approach was adopted to understand social drivers, conditions, climate stresses, and multiple causes of vulnerability.
Working Paper - 23, 2020
This Working Paper compiles the experiences and lessons learnt from specific adaptation pilot interventions under the Himalayan Adaptation, Water and Resilience (HI-AWARE) Research on Glacier and Snowpack Dependent River Basins for Improving Livelihoods. The climate change adaptation solutions tested in HI-AWARE pilots have shown huge potential in the areas of flood resilient housing and sanitation, water management, climate-smart agriculture, and heat stress management. The lessons learnt can help inform and improve the design and management of interventions in these areas.
Working Paper - 22, 2018
This study aims to deepen our understanding about local climate change trends, adaptation approaches and strategies of the government, NGOs, and other actors, and emerging adaptation practices in key impacted sectors in the Lower Teesta basin in Bangladesh. This region, regarded as one of the important food baskets of the country, has been experiencing varied changes in climate variability (including temperature rises, heat stress, low and erratic rainfall, and prolonged droughts), falling groundwater levels, and climatic extremes such as frequent and devastating floods, riverbank erosion, and thunderstorms. These climate change and other stressors are hurting sectors such as agriculture, water, sanitation and health, fisheries, food security, regional infrastructure, housing, and the livelihoods of common people in general.
Working Paper - 21, 2018
The activities and processes led by natural and anthropogenic factors not only change environmental variables upstream (such as land use and land cover, snowmelt, and erosion, among others), they also affect the downstream environment in terms of water availability, floods, and sedimentation. Upstream–downstream linkages (UDL) of land and water management in the Himalayan region have been widely discussed in the literature. In 1989, L. A. Bruijnzeel and C. N. Bremmer published an ICIMOD occasional paper highlighting highland–lowland interactions in the Ganges–Brahmaputra river basins (Bruijnzeel & Bremmer 1989).
Working Paper - 20, 2018
This study examines the patterns of migration, and its role in building adaptive capacities of households in four river basins – the Indus, the Upper Ganga, the Gandaki, and the Teesta – of the Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region. The HKH region is one of the more environmentally vulnerable areas in the world.
Working Paper - 19, 2018
Development is occurring against a backdrop of vulnerability to climate change. In order for development decisions to be sustainable in a changing climate they need to include choices and actions that modify climate change and its impacts and sustain development efforts over time. In the context of adaptation to climate change, adaptation pathways are proposed as a promising decision-focused approach to incorporate flexibility and account for future uncertainties (e.g. Haasnoot et al., 2013, Wise et al., 2014, Bosomworth et al., 2017).
Working Paper - 18, 2018
This framework document aims to introduce a proactive approach to assess adaptation needs and encourage timely adaptation. The idea behind this approach is that if an assessment shows that specific policies and practices of stakeholders are at risk of failure due to climate change, corrections are encouraged and losses or damages can be prevented. The approach focuses on identifying whether and when the performance of policies, management, and social-cultural practices drops below a decisive level due to climate change, and adaptation is required.
Working Paper, 2018
In Nepal, over the last decade, the share of women migrant workers has significantly increased. Due to prevailing patriarchal norms and values and skewed policy, female labour migration is traditionally stigmatized and associated with sex work or equated to trafficking.