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Navin Rai, Students' Dissertation, 2017

In the face of climatic variability, the Kyoto protocol (1998) declared profoundly that GHGs are major sources of global warming and environmental degradation and there should be an alternative for fossil fuel based energy. Since, then the hydropower is globally considered as win-win and green energy to tackle increasing GHGs emission from fossil fuel based energy.

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Rashmita Sarkar, Students' Dissertation, 2017

The purpose of this study is to document the dynamics of adaptation practices related to sustainable usage of water engaged by women in their everyday life in a mountain socio-ecological system. Such system represents the ensemble of resource-use practices, natural settings, institutional practices, and social landscape.

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Ashmita Paudel, Students' Dissertation, 2017

Only two-and-a-half percent of the water available on earth is freshwater. Thirty percent of the total volume of freshwater on earth is groundwater. Groundwater sources are massive but finite. Many human settlements around the globe are dependent on groundwater.

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Regan Sapkota, Students' Dissertation, 2017

Local communities are considered more vulnerable to climate change due to their low adaptive capacity. In Nepal, many adaptation practices have been carried out to reduce its impacts by different institutions, Community forestry (CF) is one of them. CF in Nepal is considered as one of the successful institutions of Nepal and good governance of it is considered as the pillar of its success.

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Sijal Pokharel, Students' Dissertation, 2017

Environmental change is shaping human migration now and will do so in future; specifically through its influence on a range of economic, social and political drivers. Development of the vision for how human population movements across the world could be affected by global environmental changes with a focus on the diverse challenges and opportunities for populations in originating and receiving regions is as inevitable as environmental change.

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Resource Kit, 2018

This resource kit presents a compilation of information on critical climate-stress moments in the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH) region. The information is based on a literature review on critical-climate stress moments in agriculture and health due to heat stress and discusses critical moments emerging from downstream and upstream floods.

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Workshop Proceedings, 2016

The workshop on ‘Developing criteria for classifying and assessing climate change adaptation options in the Gandaki river-basin’ was commissioned to engage relevant stakeholders in the design of a Climate Change Adaptation Matrix, get their inputs to improve the classification of adaptation options, and identify the most important criteria for policy makers and practitioners to evaluate or assess adaptation options. Participants from more than 20 different organizations in Nepal working on climate change adaptation in various sectors and at different levels were present at the workshop.

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HI-AWARE Brief - 1

Key Message: The Indus, Ganges and Brahmaputra river basins are extremely susceptible to temperature increase. Under a 1.5 °C global warming scenario, these river basins would warm up by more than 2 °C on average by the end of this century. At higher altitudes this warming will be even more marked, due to elevation dependent warming. A 2 °C global warming scenario could lead to a warming of around 2.7 °C in these glaciated river basins. Currently, more likely climate change scenarios, specific for these river basins, suggest regional temperature increases between 3.5 and 6 °C by 2100. The majority of the projections also indicate overall wetter conditions in the future and increases in extreme precipitation events. This will lead to significant losses in glacier volume, from 36 to 64%, depending on the warming scenario, and impact timing of water flows and water availability.

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HI-AWARE Brief - 2

Key Message: Heat waves are expected to increase in intensity and duration in South Asia. Heat thresholds in cities are exceeded months on end already. Individual solutions for keeping houses and neighbourhoods cool will not be sufficient – concerted efforts are needed at the urban landscape, community and individual levels to address the challenge of increasing urban heat in South Asia.

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HI-AWARE Brief - 3

Key Message: Floods will become more frequent and severe in the mountainous and downstream areas of the Indus, Ganges and Brahmaputra river basins, because of an increase in extreme precipitation events. Depending on the climate change scenario, the severity of flood events is expected to more than double towards the end of the century. Flood-resilient housing shows promise as an adaptation option to address this hazard.

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