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Working Paper - 3, 2016

Existing documentation establishes evidence that the Hindu Kush Himalayan region is vulnerable to climatic and weather variability. Under these circumstances, it is important to put in place appropriate adaptation responses that build resilience and that reduce risks associated with a changing climate. Adaptation responses can follow multiple pathways to address the large gaps in achieving threshold levels of the quality of life, and the new risks posed by climate change.

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Working Paper - 2, 2016

High-altitude climates are particularly uncertain, and commonly used climate datasets are grossly inaccurate at high altitudes. Therefore, a novel reference climate dataset covering the Indus, Ganges, and Brahmaputra (IGB) river basins has been constructed with a particular focus on improved representation of high-altitude precipitation

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Working Paper - 1, 2016

There are two fundamentally different methods for selecting appropriate general circulation and regional climate models (GCMs/RCMs). The first approach aims to cover the full envelope of possible futures ranging from dry and cold projections to wet and warm projections, while the second approach selects GCMs/RCMs on the basis of indicators of past performance. In the case of the Hindu Kush Himalayas (HKH), the first approach may be preferable as climate models have considerable difficulty in simulating past climate. In this study, we develop a new method that combines the two existing methods, so as to have a set of climate models that not only cover a wide range of possible futures but also reproduce the most important processes in the region.

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Peer Reviewed Journal Article, 2021

This study investigates agricultural land use change in Chitwan, Nuwakot and Lamjung districts of Nepal during 1990 –2017 in relation to rural outmigration. Agriculture in Nepal is characterized by subsistence farming, low productivity, limited access to markets, constraints of terrain, poor economic returns, and vulnerability to natural hazards now exacerbated by climate change.

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Peer Reviewed Journal Article, 2021

Climate change is recognized as one of the greatest challenges of 21st century. This study investigated climate and hydrological regimes of the high-altitude Indus basin for the historical period and extreme scenarios of future climate during 21st century.

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Peer Reviewed Journal Article, 2020

Complex processes govern spatiotemporal distribution of precipitation within the high-mountainous headwater regions (commonly known as the upper Indus basin (UIB)), of the Indus River basin of Pakistan. Reliable precipitation simulations particularly over the UIB present a major scientific challenge due to regional complexity and inadequate observational coverage.

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Peer Reviewed Journal Article, 2019

South Asia is highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, owing to the high dependency on climate-sensitive livelihoods and recurrent extreme events. Consequently, an increasing number of households are adopting labour migration as a livelihood strategy to diversify incomes, spread risks, and meet aspirations.

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Peer Reviewed Journal Article, 2019

This paper delves into the community-managed water systems in the two cities and how the performance varies across them and the factors that play a role.

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Peer Reviewed Journal Article, 2019

South Asia is a region uniquely vulnerable to climate-related impacts. Climate change adaptation in India and Bangladesh evolves using powering and puzzling approaches by policy actors. We seek to answer the question: how do powering and puzzling approaches influence the climate change adaptation policy design and implementation processes in Bangladesh and India?

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Peer Reviewed Journal Article, 2019

This study examines the water supply systems, their sociopolitical dynamics, and the future of water management in two Indian towns in the Eastern Himalaya, Kalimpong in West Bengal and Singtam in Sikkim. The research was centred around issues of demand and supply, water scarcity and stress, equity, water governance, and the sustainable conservation and management of water resources in a climate change context.

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